Bracelet SwissFondue devant un caquelon de fondue suisse

Discovery of Swiss fondue: A culinary journey


Swiss fondue is much more than just a dish; it’s an iconic culinary experience that brings people together around a convivial fondue pot. This dish, based on melted cheese and bread, is anchored in Swiss tradition and varies from region to region. This article takes you on a discovery of Swiss fondue, from its modest origins to the multiple variations that delight palates around the world.

Origins and history of Swiss fondue

Rustic Beginnings

Swiss fondue has its origins in the Swiss mountains, where shepherds used cheese and bread to subsist during the winter months. The word "fondue" comes from the French verb "fondre", reflecting the process of melting cheese.

Evolution and Popularization

In the 1930s, fondue was promoted as a national dish by the Swiss Association of Cheese Producers to increase consumption of local cheese. This successful marketing allowed fondue to become a symbol of Swiss cuisine, not only in Switzerland but also internationally.

Fondue and Traditions

Swiss fondue isn't just a meal, it's a tradition at family gatherings and special holidays. It is synonymous with sharing and conviviality, strong values ​​in Switzerland.

Key Ingredients

The simplicity of the ingredients of Swiss fondue masks its complexity of taste. Here are the essential components:


Typically, fondue consists of a mixture of local cheeses. The most popular are Gruyere and Emmental, but other varieties, such as Vacherin and Appenzeller, are also used to create unique flavors.


This cheese offers a slightly sweet and nuanced taste that forms the basis of most fondue recipes.


Known for its characteristic holes, Emmental provides a lighter texture and a distinctive nutty taste.

The White wine

Dry white wine is essential not only for its ability to melt the cheese but also for adding a touch of acidity that balances the richness of the cheese.

Garlic and Spices

A clove of garlic is rubbed inside the fondue pot before pouring in the cheese to subtly infuse the dish with its aroma. Spices, such as nutmeg, are often added to complement the flavors.

Preparing Fondue: A Step-by-Step Guide

Step 1: Choice of Caquelon

The choice of fondue pot, traditionally ceramic, affects cooking and heat distribution. A good fondue pot ensures that the cheese melts evenly and stays creamy.

Step 2: Preparing the Cheese

Grate your chosen cheeses to facilitate melting and mix them with cornstarch to prevent the fondue from becoming lumpy.

Step 3: Heating the Wine and Garlic

Heat the white wine in the fondue pot with the crushed garlic until simmering. Remove the garlic and start adding the cheese gradually.

Step 4: Constant Mixing

Mix constantly in a figure eight formation so that the cheese melts evenly and does not stick to the bottom.

Step 5: Service and Tasting

Serve immediately after the cheese has completely melted. Use pieces of hard bread or potatoes as dips.

Tips for a Perfect Fondue

  • Keep the fondue pot at a constant temperature to prevent the cheese from burning.
  • If the fondue becomes too thick, add a little mulled wine to loosen it.
  • For a modern twist, try adding pieces of pear or cold meats alongside traditional bread.

Regional variations of fondue

Half and half fondue

This version, the most classic, uses a combination of Gruyère and Vacherin Fribourgeois, offering a perfect balance between creaminess and elasticity.

Fondue Vaudoise

This variation uses only Gruyère, characterized by a stronger taste and slightly firmer texture.

Fribourgeoise Fondue

Using only Vacherin, this fondue is exceptionally creamy and smooth, often served with potatoes instead of bread.

Mushroom Fondue

For mushroom lovers, this fondue adds sautéed mushrooms, giving it a unique earthy taste that perfectly complements the cheese.

Bacchus fondue

In this version, the wine is replaced by broth, offering a lighter and more digestible alternative.


Some suggestions to accompany your fondue and make it even more delicious:


Opt for sourdough or country bread, cut into cubes and slightly stale so that it can absorb the cheese well.

Cold cuts

Slices of cured meat or raw ham add a touch of salty flavor that contrasts with the rich, creamy taste of the cheese.


Blanched vegetables such as broccoli, carrots, or mushrooms can be used as alternatives or additions to bread.


Pieces of apple or pear bring a touch of freshness and a slight sweet contrast that balances the fondue.


Opt for drinks that complement the richness of the cheese such as black tea, light beer, or even a white wine from the same region as the cheeses used.

Culture and Social Impact

A dish that brings people together

Swiss fondue is not only appreciated for its taste, but also for the social ritual it engenders. It is often at the center of convivial evenings, bringing together family and friends around the fondue pot.

International Influence

Having become emblematic of Switzerland, fondue has crossed borders and inspired variations in many countries, adapting the concept to local cheeses and ingredients.

Events and Festivals

In Switzerland, many festivals and events are dedicated to fondue, where amateurs and connoisseurs can taste different variations and participate in fondue preparation competitions.


Swiss fondue is a treasure of traditional cuisine that offers much more than melted cheese. It is a dish that embodies hospitality, conviviality, and simplicity. Whether prepared on a cold winter evening or as part of a festive celebration, Swiss fondue promises a memorable and flavorful experience. So, the next time you're looking to warm the hearts of your guests, think about Swiss fondue, a dish that never ceases to bring together and delight those who share its fondue pot.

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